B.Sc. Chemistry-Honours 2nd Paper Syllabus

Second Paper

Nine questions to be set. Five questions to be answered. Short answer type questions are recommended. There may be several parts in a question and different units may be mixed in questions. While setting questions the entire syllabus may be covered as far as practicable. Two questions to be answered from group 'A' and three questions to be answered from group 'B'


Atomic Structure:
Black body radiation and planck’s quantum theory, Wave-particle, duality for electron and de-Broglie equation, experimental verification of de-Broglie equation by Davission and Germer experiment, de-Broglie wave associated with Bohr orbit in H-atom, Heisenberg uncertainty principle and its importance.
Solid State:
Types of solid, space lattice and unit cell, law of rational indices- Miller and Weiss indices. Interplaner spacing in cubic system, radius ratio and coordination number, packing of particles- Octahedral and tetrahedral voids.
Objectives of thermodynamics, thermodynamic terms, First law and its mathematics formulation, Internal energy, enthalpy, Cp and Cv relation, joule –Thomson effect, Joule Thomson coefficient for ideal an real gases, Inversion temperature, work done in irreversible expansion, Reversible and irreversible adiabatic expansion of an ideal gas.
Exergonic and endergonic compounds, enthalpy of reaction at constant volume and constant pressure, enthalpy of combustion, Bomb calorimeter, enthalpy of neutralization and ionization, Kirchoff’s law, Hess’s law, bond dissociation energy.


Estimation of nitrogen and sulphur in an organic compounds. Determination of molecular mass of a caboxylic acid by silver salt method and of an organic base by chloroplatinate salt method.
Structure and bonding:
Hybridization and geometry of hydrocarbons bond lengths, bond angles, bond dissociation energy, localized and delocalized chemical bond, Vander Waal interactions and hydrogen bonding resonance,Hyperconjugation, inductive and electromeric effect, their effects on properties of compounds.
Mechanism of Organic Reactions:
Homolysis and heterolysis of covalent bonds. Types of reagents: electrophilic and nucleophilic. Types of organic reactions, energy consideration with reference to activation energy and transition state. Reactive intermediates: carbanions, carbocations and free radicals(generation, structure and stability).
Classification and nomenclature, Monohydric alcohols: Methods of preparation, physical and properties. Distinction among 1°, 2° and 3° alcohols. Preparation and properties of (i) Ethylene glycol (ii) Glycerol and (iii) Allyl alcohol.
Organometallic Compounds:
Organomagnesium compounds:The Grignard reagent-formation structure and application in organic synthesis. Basic idea about organometallics: Dimethylzinc, Dimethylcadmium, Alkylithium and Lithium dialkylencuprate.
Organosulphur Compounds:
Preliminary idea of organic sulphomides, sulphonics and sulphonic acids, methods of formation and chemical reactions of thiols and thioethers.
Aldehydes and ketones:
Nomenclature, structure of the carbonyl group, general methods of preparation, properties of aldehydes and ketones, An introduction to α-β unsaturated aldehydes and ketones.
Carboxylic acids:
General methods of preparations and properties of monocarboxylic acids and their derivatives such as ester, acid chlorides, amides and anhydrides. Methods of formation and chemical reactions of (i) unsaturated monocarboxylic acids and (ii) dicarboxylic acids.
Organic compounds of nitrogen:
Classification, nomenclature and structure of amines. Preparation and properties of aliphatic amines. Separation and identification of 1° , 2° and 3° amines. Preparation, properties and estimation of urea.